May
24

A Sick Trial Tax

The perversity of the trial tax was on display the other day. My client was facing potential decades behind bars, and, as the jury was being selected, he reconsidered his decision to plead not guilty. We went to the prosecutor to negotiate. He held firm on a prior plea offer previously rejected, so we asked to see a judge.

“What’s changed?,” the judge asked. “Normally, offers only get better if something changes. Maybe a witness becomes unavailable or something else weakens the state’s case.” The prosecutor chimed in: “My office doesn’t change plea offers by making them better once they have been rejected.”

Diane Keaton once put it best when confronting similar such nonsense: “Well, Lah-dee-dah.”

I didn’t really need a tutorial in the posturing in which the court engages to justify imposition of a trial tax. The tax, rarely publicly acknowledged, goes something like this: Insist on asserting your rights, each and everyone of them, including the right to a trial by jury, and you will be punished if you are found guilty. Experienced lawyers all have a tale or two to tell about the guy who rejected an offer of a year or two in plea bargaining only to be swatted with a couple of decades of time after losing trial.

The trial tax is a sick and unconscionable joke imposed by hypocrites.

In theory, the criminal justice system is supposed to be driven by the presumption of innocence. Unless and until the state can prove its allegations beyond a reasonable doubt, a defendant must be regarded as innocent. The presumption of innocence is a complete defense to a case. You can hold the state to its burden of proof by asserting the presumption. A person cloaked in this presumption is within his or her rights to delay against the hope that the state’s witnesses will lose interest, disappear, or otherwise become unavailable.

This is especially so in Connecticut, where trial dockets move at a glacial pace due to our idiosyncratic and wasteful method of selecting juries. Individual sequestered voir dire means that it will take three or more days to pick a jury even in the most routine case. Delays of a couple of years in getting a case to trial are routine. Delay is a weapon for the defendant.

So a court system desperate to move its docket strikes back. Engaged in the sordid ethos of the used-car lot, defendants are offered inducements to give up their rights, to plead guilty, to go to prison: Plead guilty now, and you will go to prison for less time than if you are convicted.

This logic has nothing to do with the traditional purposes of the criminal justice system: it does not involve specific deterrence, punishment or rehabilitation. The only general deterrent function it serves is to send the silent message that those who are not prepared to waive constitutional rights will be punished. Maybe this is why there is no plea bargaining in some European countries, and why sentences there are uniformly lower than in the United States.

So the other day, when a judge asked why my client should get a better deal than the one he had previously rejected now that jury selection had begun, I was not surprised. “What has changed?,” the judge asked. 

“My client is now willing to waive fundamental rights,” I said.

The judge didn’t scoff, but neither did he appreciate the significance of the client’s change in heart. The man presumed innocent was now willing to deal. He had played all the cards he had. His deck was empty. The judge could not see that. All he could see was the state’s position: Unless the state’s case had weakened or changed, he was not willing to budge.

It was a sad and chilling spectacle, a jurist so wedded to the trial tax and the bogus imperative of docket management that he could not appreciate that in a criminal courtroom it takes two to tango. The only beat that mattered appeared to be the one tapped out by the prosecution.

Is it any wonder that the criminal justice system is regarded as suspect by so many?

Most judges play lip service to the notion that a deal once rejected is gone forever. In most courthouses in this state, the trial tax is a fetish that can be defeated in the name of justice. But in a few courthouses, the elevator of justice stops well short of the top floor. It is painful to watch proceedings in these courthouses. All the right words are spoken, but they ring hollow: You could just as well be negotiating the price of a used car as the value of man’s life.

Reprinted courtesy of the Connecticut Law Tribune.

 

Comments (6)
Posted on May 25, 2012 at 1:31 pm by william doriss
Trial Taxxxx III
Echoing Portia below, since I don't know what happened to the rest of my comment(s); I was in fact sentenced to 2 years and 3 years probation=essentially the same as the plea bargain offered and summarily rejected (since I was completely and totally innocent of all charges). So what did I gain from my clear victory over the State?
Apparently nothing. What was the point in going to trial if it's impossible to be found 'not guilty' of All charges? Inquiring Minds.

Posted on May 25, 2012 at 11:57 am by Portia
trial tax
geez,..let's.try again.
Innocence Project claims over 2000 turn-arounds. What about 1000s of cases w/o proof of DNA? If you're a target, you're screwed. U must plead guilty, guilty or not, to avoid "tax". they will get that conviction; paid lying witnesses, collusion, withholding of evidence sealing the deal. What a system...what a country!

Posted on May 24, 2012 at 9:03 pm by Portia
trial tax
where's my 2nd half? you didn't approve?

Posted on May 24, 2012 at 5:25 pm by william doriss
Trial Taxxxx II
Fuhgeddaboutit, let's go to the mat: 13 bogus criminal criminal charges and 69 years prison, that is what I was facing. Guess what? Thru dismissal and jury verdict, we walked away with eleven not-guiltys. Including ALL 9 felony counts. Using two 'overworked and underpaid' PDs, we walked away with 2 misdemeanor convictions, falsely 'engineered by the judge in order to forestall a counter false arrest and malicious prosecution lawysuit against City and State.

Posted on May 24, 2012 at 5:15 pm by william doriss
Trial Taxxxx
The trial tax is alive and well in CT. A perfect example is CT v. Doriss: where the plea bargain was '5 years, suspended after 3 [years incarceration]'.

Posted on May 24, 2012 at 10:30 am by Portia
trial tax
state or federal, matters not. you can talk until you're blue in the face; until this happens to "them", "they" won't believe. innocence has no place in the judicial system. (must post this on 2-too long)
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About Norm Pattis

Norm Pattis is a Connecticut based trial lawyer focused on high stakes criminal cases and civil right violations. He is a veteran of more than 100 jury trials, many resulting in acquittals for people charged with serious crimes, multi-million dollar civil rights and discrimination verdicts, and scores of cases favorably settled.

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