USexit and Donald Trump

The doom and gloom forecasts about the consequences of Britain’s vote to leave the European Union are bewildering. Why all the storm and stress? The vote — Brexit, it was called — makes perfect sense. So does the sense of inevitability revolving around Donald Trump’s run for the presidency.

Trump’s campaign also represents an exit strategy, call it USexit, as in “stop the world, we want to get off.” We’re overextended, unable to meet domestic commitments, and not up to shouldering the burdens of empire, much less being lectured on what we owe the world.

“America first” is not the cry of a triumphant nation; it’s an angry plea. That so many refuse to hear this plea is akin to collective madness — thus distrust of the elites who scorn localism in favor of universalism.

Globalism, the rhetoric of untethered human rights, mass migration of peoples forever in search of better, or the best, possible lives — these are the forces shaping our time. None of these imperatives foster a sense of local community, of the felt necessity of a given time and place.

Economic efficiency, guaranteeing the dignity of all, welcoming every stranger to share in a decreasing bounty — these are the empty promises of post-modernity. Brexit, Trump, neo-nationalism are reactions to a world governed by endless empty promises. 

Consider globalism.

Of course, it makes sense to consider the world as one vast and interconnected economic entity. The logic of cost-benefit analysis will distribute the production of goods and services across the globe in ways that run roughshod over a sense of community. Labor costs are less in the underdeveloped world. It’s no wonder manufacturing jobs flee to countries where labor is cheap.

But this migration of employment opportunities decimates communities that used to produce things, leaving behind hopelessness, mass unemployment, and fear about the future. Our Midwest is today a wasteland.

When Britain’s midlands and America’s heartland vote against globalism, they aren’t engaging in nostalgia, they are demanding a future.

What of untethered human rights?

We’ve come along way from the eighteenth century’s proud declarations about the rights of man. Nongovernmental organizations now sit alongside nation-states claiming rights of uncertain origin for each and every inhabitant of the Earth.

Internationally, that means aid to every region; domestically, that means recognition and validation of every lifestyle. It’s an exhausting imperative. Each new international crisis, each new perceived slight to the newest group in search of validation — I think now of the transgender in our midst, comes at a cost to those expected to give.

It’s small wonder that those displaced by globalism now resents those claiming entitlement to their sympathies and support. When did human rights become an entitlement to the goodwill of those exhausted by watching the world slip from their grasp?

This leads, of course, to mass migration.

The world is interconnected as never before. Social media makes every crisis an event, and advertises the benefits of leaving one’s troubles behind in search of a better life elsewhere. Accelerate population movement by the ever-growing dislocations caused by global warming, civil war and easy transportation across borders, and world suddenly seems in flux.

German’s Angela Merkel meant well when she welcomed migrants to Germany by the hundreds of thousands. Exhausted Germans no doubt wondered where it all would end. Where do Germans go when they no longer recognize their homeland?

Community matters. A community failing to meet the needs of its members simply doesn’t feel a sense of generosity to strangers. We don’t feed our own, why should we then be expected to welcome more to the failed banquet? And why are we obliged to respect the values of everyone while placing our own on hold?

Hence, Brexit.

The young and affluent favored remaining in the European Union. If you’ve got money in the bank, or are making a living serving the human rights industry or global finance, the future is yours. The young always believe in tomorrow.

If your job has been exported overseas and you’re living on the dole, or on a fixed income, you’ve less to give to a person you never met, a person whose way of life, whose customs, are foreign.

Xenophobia, or fear of strangers, has become a term of condemnation these days. Yet, fear of strangers is entirely adaptive in a world of scarcity. Only a fool stands on the street corner emptying his pockets to strangers.

What of Donald Trump?

He has no experience as a politician. His claims to make us great again are hollow. He is crass, bordering on illiterate, and offends with speech that tends to be hateful. Just how is it possible that he has become the presumptive Republican nominee for president of the United States?

Perhaps it’s because Hillary Clinton has become the globalist, human rights, identity politics, and immigration standard-bearer. Everything she says is perfectly rational, in an attenuated, lifeless sort of way. She has the existential appeal of an ironing board. She wants to pay for tomorrow’s commitments with promises that failed a decade ago.

Trump, on the other hand, appeals to those who have lost their footing in the world. Trump supporters listen to Hillary lecture on what they must do for others with resentment: I must make room for a Syrian family in the community in which I cannot find work?

Despite all of Trump’s failings, his supporters remain loyal because he speaks about frustration they experience. While Clinton tells a tired people that they must do more for others, Trump promises to make a priority of those already here and in need.

It may be that neither Trump nor Clinton are what the nation needs now. But if forced to choose, I’d pick Trump. Sure, he’s a reckless gamble. But so, too, is the future. Until we care for ourselves, we cannot care for others.


MCLE Not Such A Bad Idea

Connecticut has now joined the majority of states requiring lawyers to complete continuing legal education (CLE) courses each year. The only thing I don't like about the requirement is that the Judges of the Superior Court have ordered us to do it. The judges, all members of the bar themselves, exempted themselves from the requirement.

I grazed my way through law school, an indifferent student, working full time and attending classes with decreasing frequency as the years passed. At the final examination in Labor and Employment Law, for example, a classmate remarked on seeing me at the final exam: "I didn't know you were in this class."


Truth be told, I wasn't. If I attended any of the lectures, I don't recall it. But I do recall reading the text, and a hornbook, and purchasing a set of class notes from someone who did attend. If memory serves, I still aced the course, and managed, against all expectations, to graduate with honors.

All of which is to say, I love CLE courses. Now that I've been in the trenches for a couple of decades, I can see where going to classes might have been helpful. You really can learn something if you are prepared to listen. It's taken me a lifetime to acquire that skill.

So off we go, required now to certify that we have taken at least 12 CLE hours per year. The requirement goes into effect on Jan. 1.

I've seen grousing already about the hardship the requirement will impose on small practitioners. The time and expense of attending a class or two will be onerous, we're told.

I'm not buying it.

The Connecticut regime can be satisfied any number of ways. You can, of course, attend a class for which payment is required. But it also appears as though you can listen to audiotapes, or engage in other forms of self-education. All that's required is that two hours each year be in the areas of legal ethics and professionalism.

Teaching a law school class can also get you off the hook.

Mandatory CLEs will be a boon to some. A good friend and I are already planning to offer a daylong course for a fee. We'll teach the vanishing art of trying a case, and cover such topics as storytelling, using the evidence code as a narrative device, cross-examination when the answers don't manner, and other dark arts of trial.

It's not at all clear to me just where we have to go to get our credentials approved to teach the class. I suppose the fact that my friend and I have tried a couple of hundred cases between us won't be enough for some folks. The problem with a regulated market is typically the regulators.

So I end where I began this column: Some folks are moaning about the new CLE requirements. It's one more thing to do in an economy where there already isn't enough time to do all that is required well. And the requirement comes from on high, from the robocracy, those lawyers without clients who've ascended to the bench, the demigods among us who think they know best.

I get a little queasy thinking about these would-be solons telling me what I must do to keep my license. But then, all at once, I feel a sense of relief. You see, one way to fulfill the CLE requirements is, according to the rules, to write for a legal publication.

Can it be that I am exempt because of this column, a column I write weekly, and have written weekly for more the 15 years? Something tells me that might be stretching the meaning of the rule a little, but, hey, isn't that what we lawyers do: identify a rule, test its application, and require those who make binding decisions to decide things?

It appears I've done my CLE for the week. This column took me 45 minutes to write. I've only 11 hours and 15 minutes more to go this year.


About Norm Pattis

Norm Pattis is a Connecticut based trial lawyer focused on high stakes criminal cases and civil right violations. He is a veteran of more than 100 jury trials, many resulting in acquittals for people charged with serious crimes, multi-million dollar civil rights and discrimination verdicts, and scores of cases favorably settled.

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I believe that the state is a necessary fiction and that failing to combat it is the first step toward tyranny.
– Norm Pattis


Nothing in this blog should be considered legal advice about your case. You need a lawyer who understands the context of your life and situation. What are offered here are merely suggested lines of inquiry you may explore with your lawyer.

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