Why Defend The Accused?

"Why the defense of those accused of crimes?" It is a natural enough question. I stop to ponder it today after being accused of a species of immorality for my chosen profession. Defending those accused of rape, murder, robbery, theft, the abuse of children: Who but a monster would chose to walk where demons fear to tread?

Why? Why this choice, when there are so many paths?

I can offer five reasons. Each reflect personal and idiosyncratic convictions and perspectives. 

On a personal level, I am the son of an outlaw. My father lived outside the law. He was an illegal immigrant who snuck into this country and died an old man living under false papers. He lived for years as a professional armed robber. He once shot a man and fled to Chicago from Detroit to avoid the law, taking with him the young woman who would become my mother. When he tried to live within the lines the law recognized, he couldn't. He deserted my mother and me, setting the stage for a single mother's struggle to raise a boy into a man. We lived a nomadic sort of life for several years. When my mother found new roots with another man, he was a violent sort of person. I once stood guard at the rear of our home in Detroit with a rifle; he was out front with a pistol. We were laying in wait for men who vowed to come to kill him in retaliation for his beating of one their friends with a baseball bat. I, of course, hoped the men would come to the front of the house and do away with my mother's beau. But I know I would have shot to kill in fear that night had the men come to our home's rear. They never came. But I learned a lot as a kid about living outside the law. The law, it seems to me, is the stuff of polite fictions: the happy-ever-after fantasies people on the other side of the tracks can afford to believe. Belief was a luxury we did not have; neither do most of my clients have it.

Philosophically, I remain stunned by the fact that we create governments and then drape them in the fiction we call the state. The state simply does not exist. I have defended many men and women from prosecution by the state and federal governments. But I have never met the client prosecuting on the other side of the aisle. That is because that adversary does not exist. We pretend it does, and this act of make-believe is necessary to our survival. But my clients have a pulse; they can be held accountable for their actions; they are not the product of necessary fancy. Individuals are real; no one is the sum of their worst moment. Permitting the state to label a man as evil merely drapes one fiction in another. All have sinned and fallen far short of those images of perfection we hold so dear. Defending is necessary if the rule of law is to exist. Without defense, the law would be far worse a tyrant.

Sociologically, I fear the group, any group. I call it the Rule of Eleven. Put any ten folks together and they will get along well enough. In time, they will settle upon rules, conventions and habitual ways of interacting. But once the group grows, adding an eleventh man, strange things start to happen. There is an inside and an outside, orthodox and heterodox, haves and have nots. I gravitate toward David every time. The complacency of the group terrifies. Better to live free and alone than fat, sassy and humming along with those comfortable in their own skin. I grew up on the outside looking in; that's where many clients live.

On moral grounds, I have never met a person accused of a crime who was so repulsive, so far removed from the world in which I live, that I could not imagine myself committing the same or similar crimes. Am I capable of anger? Yes, then how how removed from murder am I? Is lust real? If so, then how near to a crime of sexual passion? Do I know greed? Then why not theft? The seven deadly sins are not a class of acts that others commit: They are a series of temptations to which any and all of us are prone. When I see people demand the killing of a man convicted of murder, I see new murderers, the same passions, although this time overlaid with sin of self-righteous pride, that provoked a man in an instant to kill. The criminal and the citizen are not so different: one acts on impulses all share; the rest stifle urges they cannot admit exist. Is that way we hate the criminal? Do we envy. another's sin, his comparative freedom to act?

Finally, although I count myself a man of unclean lips and a pagan, I am much moved by the historical Jesus. He was a rabbi, a lay preacher in a culture far different from our own. When he took his ministry public, he was criticized for spending time with sinners, the tax collectors and prostitutes of his time. Why would a righteous man do such a thing?, the tongue-cluckers asked."It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick," Luke reports Jesus as saying. And so it is for me, and for other criminal defense lawyers. Why do we defend the damned? Because they are the ones who need a lawyer. 

I have no greater truths to teach. I cannot counsel one on how to become righteous. I do not live humbly and in obedience to my god. My universe is silent, but the cries to which I respond resound in space and time. They are the cries of men much like me: flawed, sinners, sometimes fools. All in need of protection from an angry mob. Often in need of protection from men and women acting as though the fiction they pretend to represent is something real and enduring. I represent those accused of crime because crime is what I know. It is not glamorous; it redeems no one; it often results in tremendous harm and pain. I protect people from the harm others seek to do to them. 

I represent the accused because when I was a boy in need of a father's hand, there was only silence. That silence terrified me. I see my own boyish fear in a client's eyes. I may not be able to redeem the terror of my youth. And I know I cannot make right ancient wrongs. But I know there is humanity in the wake of catastrophe, and that one sorrow will not erase another. I represent that accused because I cannot do otherwise, and because I do not take such fairy tales as justice, the state, and notions of a community of reasonable minds working together in unison for common ends, seriously. Terror is real, and few are as terrified as a man or woman standing alone in the face of angry community seeking to right what cannot be righted by permitting prosecutors to pretend that the criminal law does anything other than trade senseless pain for senseless pain.

Happy New Year to the defenders out there. Many struggles!

Related topics: First Principles
Comments (7)
Posted on January 9, 2011 at 3:17 pm by still believer in you
first principles
Astounding...now I think I can start to understand the conflict and blending. You stir all emotion, not excluding frustration and even anger at times. For that, as well as many other reasons, you're genius. I might not always agree, but will always respect.

Posted on January 2, 2011 at 8:44 pm by Specter
Too True
Late to the party as usual. As I pointed out in another comment, the average "Joe" today - not all mind you - just the average - believes that if someone is accused, then they are guilty. They've seen too many episodes of Law & Order to believe that the "state" ever gets it wrong. I thank you and all defenders for being there for the rest of us...

Posted on January 1, 2011 at 12:53 pm by J
Thank you
Thank you for all you do.
I do have one small bone to pick at. You have never met the client on the prosecuting side? I think you have met many prosecutors and they are the clients. They often prosecute to further their career, boost their percentage of wins, make a name for themselves for a future political life. They prosecute many times based on their own moral beliefs. They really are the client on the other side.

Posted on January 1, 2011 at 11:10 am by Mike Georgetti
I concur
We do what we do with pride. Without defense lawyers, justice will never exist. Are we needed? Just ask anyone standing before the power of the government.

Posted on January 1, 2011 at 10:58 am by EBB
Please don't assume we "lay people" can't understand defense of the accused. How condescending is that? There are some of us out here who, while perhaps not exactly "loving the sinners, hating the sin", still get the idea of the uneven weight of "The People" vs anyman, no matter what he is accused of...defense lawyers are necessary to the furtherance of justice for all of us (even us lowly "lay people")...

Posted on January 1, 2011 at 7:49 am by renate
speak up
it came in one of my emails:we need to remember, that they came for the trade unionists, and i didn't speak.they came for the communists,and i didn't speak and then they came for the jews,and i didn't speak,because none of that applied to me,but when they came for me,there was no one left to speak to! thanks for speaking up!

Posted on December 31, 2010 at 1:59 pm by Jasmine Jonell
Well Said
Wow, it doesn't get any more real than that! It is a question that every one of us defenders faces at one point or another. It is something lay people will never understand, until it is own of their own who is the "criminal".
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About Norm Pattis

Norm Pattis is a Connecticut based trial lawyer focused on high stakes criminal cases and civil right violations. He is a veteran of more than 100 jury trials, many resulting in acquittals for people charged with serious crimes, multi-million dollar civil rights and discrimination verdicts, and scores of cases favorably settled.

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I believe that the state is a necessary fiction and that failing to combat it is the first step toward tyranny.
– Norm Pattis


Nothing in this blog should be considered legal advice about your case. You need a lawyer who understands the context of your life and situation. What are offered here are merely suggested lines of inquiry you may explore with your lawyer.

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